In 1950 PINGW was divided into a number of specialized institutes, one of which was the Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation (IUNG). Since that time the IUNG has conducted agricultural research under the direction of the Polish Ministry of Agriculture.

In accordance with the statute of the IUNG, its primary tasks are the scientific development, implementation, and dissemination of environmental knowledge relating to plant growth, soil fertility, as well as the protection of agricultural areas from various forms of degradation